How to Start a Backyard Garden Determine Your Climate Zone. Decide if you want to grow from seed or transplant seedlings. Plant your seeds or seedlings carefully. Like all plants, vegetables need the sun to start photosynthesis.
Vegetables that grow faster need full sun Vegetables that grow faster need full sun at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight a day, unobstructed by trees, shrubs, or fences. This is why you won't have much success if you plant sun-loving vegetables in shaded spaces. If your garden offers partial shade, plant vegetables and herbs that tolerate those conditions, such as lettuce, kale, chard, spinach, scallions, cilantro, parsley, and thyme. Tubers, such as carrots, radishes, and beets, can also work if your site receives at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day.
Or if you have a sunny patio, switch to potted gardening. That way, you can place sun-loving vegetables and herbs, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, beans, basil, dill, and rosemary, where they do well. Place plants in a single row in rows at least 18 inches apart so you can easily walk between them. This approach makes more sense for large orchards, since rows facilitate the use of mechanical equipment, such as cultivators, to combat weeds.
The downside is that the space reserved for trails reduces the amount of vegetables you can plant. Increase the productivity of your garden with intensive cultivation, which means you can separate two or three plants together in a bed approximately 4 feet wide (also known as a wide row). Seeds are sown or transplants are placed so that their leaves are barely touched when they mature. This approach, which uses almost every square inch of prepared soil, works well for most types of vegetables, except those that get tangled, such as cucumbers.
The disadvantage of this method is that you have to weed by hand because the plants grow close together. The first way to maximize garden space is to move from traditional row planting to 3- or 4-foot wide raised beds. Individual rows of crops, while they can be efficient on farms that use large machines to plant, cultivate and harvest, are often not the best way to do so in the backyard garden. In a garden the size of a house, the fewer rows it has, the fewer paths between the rows you need and the more square feet you will have available to cultivate.
I recommend using a flat blade shovel (mine has a short D-shaped handle that makes the job easier) to cut the grass into strips that are only slightly wider than the blade of the shovel. Start on the outside of the garden and work your way to the center, cutting it into strips. You don't have to cut deep; maybe about 3 inches. Spread an inch of compost over the soil after removing the grass.
It may be compost that you made yourself, if you already have a container. It can be foliar fertilizer made with leaves collected by many municipalities in the United States. UU. Give it away for free (call your local municipality and ask them if they do it; you'll be surprised).
Or it could be compost you buy per bag or per truck at your local nursery or garden supply company. Hell, you can even buy compost in bags online. I like worm chestnuts: Wholly Cow, Coast of Maine, Bumper Crop, Blue Ribbon or Wiggle Worm. Yes, I know this is a controversial step, especially for experienced gardeners who have decided not to change the soil anymore to avoid the destruction of soil microbes and other types of soil life.
However, when you're starting a new garden in an area previously covered with grass and need to start growing quickly, that's a step you'll want to take. Grass areas become compacted and, as you turn the soil when you install a new vegetable garden, it quickly loosens it and causes compost to fall closer to the root area of future plants. Whether you're in love with the premise of homegrown organic vegetables or you're simply looking to lower your purchase bill, this list of 25 garden ideas will allow you to search for your palette. Elevated beds are an elegant way to present your vegetable garden in your backyard.
It looks clean and landscaped while being functional; you can grow different types of vegetables in each pot. For example, you can plant tubers in one pot, lettuce in another, etc. This method of separating vegetables into different pots will help you concentrate different types of plant foods on specific types of vegetables to help them get the nutrients they need and improve their growth. The raised beds shown here are lined with wooden boards, keeping vegetables in their own area and ensuring that your garden stays clean and tidy.
Growing vegetables in hanging pots is an excellent space-saving solution and can be done with a few pots or in bulk, as seen here. Using hanging pots means that you can keep different types of vegetables separate, which can benefit the plants themselves. But it will also make your life easier if different vegetables require different treatment in terms of the frequency and amount of watering they need. Instead of a backyard, you can use your balcony as a home for your vegetable garden.
You can be selective with your choice of vegetables, choose to grow only those that take up limited space, or, if you're interested in growing a wide variety of produce, you can maximize growing platforms by being smart with your space. Balcony pots are available that can be attached to balcony railings, creating a space for growth that didn't exist before. You can also create more growing space by placing pots on your balcony shelves, attaching them to walls, or using hanging pots. People who have small gardens will want to grow as many crops as possible on vertical supports, and gardeners who have a lot of space will need to provide physical support to some of their vegetables, such as climbing varieties of peas and beans.
It's having great success in the vegetable supply industry because of its efficiency, but a homemade hydroponic garden can be achieved at home with a little research and a few basic items you probably already have. The general idea behind community gardens is that a single parcel of land, which is normally owned by local authorities or a non-profit organization, becomes a community garden that can be cultivated by people in the community, who then share the produce once harvested. Before I share what I think is the best step-by-step technique for quickly installing a low-budget vegetable garden, it's important to talk about how to choose the best site for a new garden. It's a fundamental step when it comes to learning how to start a garden, because weeds are what cause most people to give up their garden in the middle of the growing season.
If you're not particularly interested in what your vegetable garden looks like, grow bags are the perfect and economical medium for growing vegetables at home. However, one of the most important ways to improve your garden year after year is to pay close attention to how your plants grow and write down your successes and failures in a notebook or gardening journal. If you like to make your gardening efforts more unique, there's no reason why you can't be creative with your garden. The Old Farmer's Almanac offers an excellent online garden planning tool that makes planning your garden fun and easy.
Horticulture at home can be a way to save money while getting to know nature up close. Having an orchard on the roof gives you a calm and quiet place to relax in the city center, as well as a great view while working in the garden. . .